German Wirehaired Pointer Breed Standard
AKC Breed Standard
The German Wirehaired Pointer is a well muscled, medium sized dog of distinctive appearance. Balanced in size and sturdily built, the breed's most distinguishing characteristics are its weather resistant, wire-like coat and its facial furnishings. Typically Pointer in character and style, the German Wirehaired Pointer is an intelligent, energetic and determined hunter.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The height of males should be from 24 to 26
inches at the withers. Bitches are smaller but
not under 22 inches. To insure the working
quality of the breed is maintained, dogs that
are either over or under the specified height
must be severely penalized. The body is a little
longer than it is high, as ten is to nine. The
German Wirehaired Pointer is a versatile hunter
built for agility and endurance in the field.
Correct size and balance are essential to
The head is moderately long. Eyes are brown, medium in size, oval in contour, bright and clear and overhung with medium length eyebrows. Yellow eyes are not desirable. The ears are rounded but not too broad and hang close to the head. The skull broad and the occipital bone not too prominent. The stop is medium. The muzzle is fairly long with nasal bone straight, broad and parallel to the top of the skull. The nose is dark brown with nostrils wide open. A spotted or flesh colored nose is to be penalized. The lips are a trifle pendulous but close to the jaw and bearded. The jaws are strong with a full complement of evenly set and properly intermeshing teeth. The incisors meet in a true scissors bite .
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is of medium length, slightly arched
and devoid of dewlap. The entire back line
showing a perceptible slope down from withers
to croup. The skin throughout is notably tight
to the body. The chest is deep and capacious
with ribs well sprung. The tuck-up apparent.
The back is short, straight and strong. Loins
are taut and slender. Hips are broad with the
croup nicely rounded. The tail is set high,
carried at or above the horizontal when the
dog is alert. The tail is docked to approximately
two-fifths of its original length.
The shoulders are well laid back. The forelegs are straight with elbows close. Leg bones are flat rather than round, and strong, but not so heavy or coarse as to militate against the dog's natural agility. Dewclaws are generally removed. Round in outline, the feet are webbed, high arched with toes close, pads thick and hard, and nails strong and quite heavy.
The angles of the hindquarters balances that
of the forequarters. A straight line drawn
vertically from the buttock (ischium) to the
ground should land just in front of the rear
foot. The thighs are strong and muscular. The
hind legs are parallel when viewed from the
rear. The hocks (metatarsus) are short,
straight and parallel turning neither in nor
out. Dewclaws are generally removed. Feet
as in forequarters.
The functional wiry coat is the breed's
most distinctive feature. A dog must
have a correct coat to be of correct
type. The coat is weather resistant
and, to some extent, water-repellent.
The undercoat is dense enough in
winter to insulate against the cold
but is so thin in summer as to be almost
invisible. The distinctive outer coat is
straight, harsh, wiry and flat lying,
and is from one to two inches in length.
The outer coat is long enough to
protect against the punishment of
rough cover, but not so long as to
hide the outline of the dog. On the
lower legs the coat is shorter and
between the toes it is of softer texture.
On the skull the coat is naturally short
and close fitting. Over the shoulders
and around the tail it is very dense and
heavy. The tail is nicely coated,
particularly on the underside, but
devoid of feather. Eyebrows are of
strong, straight hair. Beard and whiskers are medium length. The hairs in the liver patches of a liver and white dog may be shorter than the white hairs. A short smooth coat, a soft woolly coat, or an excessively long coat is to be severely penalized. While maintaining a harsh, wiry texture, the puppy coat may be shorter than that of an adult coat. Coats may be neatly groomed to present a dog natural in appearance. Extreme and excessive grooming to present a dog artificial in appearance should be severely penalized.
The coat is liver and white, usually either liver and
white spotted, liver roan, liver and white spotted
with ticking and roaning or solid liver. The head is
liver, sometimes with a white blaze. The ears are
liver. Any black in the coat is to be severely penalized.
The dog should be evaluated at a moderate gait.
Seen from the side, the movement is free and smooth
with good reach in the forequarters and good driving
power in the hindquarters. The dog carries a firm back
and exhibits a long, ground-covering stride. When
moving in a straight line the legs swing forward in a
free and easy manner and show no tendency to cross
or interfere. There should be no signs of elbowing out.
The rear legs follow on a line with the forelegs. As speed
increases, the legs will converge toward a center line
Of sound, reliable temperament, the German Wirehaired Pointer is at times aloof but not unfriendly toward strangers; a loyal and affectionate companion who is eager to please and enthusiastic to learn.
Approved October 10, 2006
Effective January 1, 2007